Cardiovascular Health Checks

If you believe, as I do that knowing the condition of your arteries is vital to avoiding Strokes and Heart attack, then maybe you should consider this Non Invasive check.
The device to scan your arteries to assess the flexibility, or stiffness, is called a DPA machine. This stand for Digital Pulsewave Alalyser.
It works by attaching a probe to your finger or earlobe, and shining a laser to assess the type of pulse that is returned to the machine. It then calculate the overall condition, flexibility, and Cardio Age of the individual.
It costs around £120.00 for the test. If you need further advice you can take your results to your GP and ask to be referred as necessary.

How fructose is metabolised differently from glucose.

Firstly lets state exactly what we mean by SUGAR.

There are many different “sugars” but we are talking about the kind of sugar that we put in our tea, ie table sugar. “Table Sugar” (Real name Sucrose) is actually two single sugars, Glucose and Fructose joined together.

Glucose is our friend, because it is required by every cell in our body, for energy, and when converted to fats, for energy reserves.
Complex carbohydrates such as potatoes, rice, bread etc are actually joined up clumps (molecules) of glucose. When they reach the stomach they are broken down into single molecules of glucose by our stomach acid. They then pass through the intestinal wall and are absorbed into the blood stream. Insulin is released from our pancreas, which notifies the cells in our body to prepare for a delivery of glucose. Receptors on the surface of the cells are raised to catch the glucose and allow it to enter the cell. Once inside the cell, the glucose is converted to fat for storage in fat cells or burned for fuel in muscle cells. From here on it can only be released as fat to ‘fuel’ cells. It cannot be converted back to glucose.

When table sugar, in drinks, cakes, biscuits etc reach the stomach, or are absorbed by our blood vessels in our mouth in liquids etc, it is broken down into, again single molecules, of Fructose and Glucose. Glucose is treated exactly as above.

Fructose cannot be used by any cell in our body directly, so it is transported off to our liver, which converts it to Glycogen (a form of joined up glucose for storage) or triglyceride fats, which are transported through the blood stream to fat cells for storage. Again receptors on the cell surface break down the triglycerides (three fats joined together) into single fats, small enough to enter the cell, where, once inside the cell, are reassembled into triglycerides again for storage.
The liver has to work really hard to process fructose, and different people have different ways of determining whether to convert it to Glycogen or Fats. The liver can only process a certain amount of fructose before it becomes overwhelmed. When this happens it allows fructose to remain in the blood stream much longer, doing damage by attaching to receptors designed for other critical purposes.
Fructose has no effect on insulin response, as insulin can only deal with glucose.
Elevated fructose in the blood oxidises fats in the blood stream, creating sharp fragments, which damage the artery walls. Causing inflammation and artery disease, and preventing essential fats from doing their job of forming new brain neurons, glueing cells together to prevent scurvy and a host of other disease prevention tasks.

The future of Gas central heating.

The truth about global warming, whether it will destroy our planet is really irrelevant, as, by the time we find out for sure, the world will have moved on.

Almost certainly, within 10 years, we will not need to burn fossil fuels in our homes, or even in our factories. Our energy will come from super efficient Solar technology, in the form of PV cells.

At the moment most people use a gas boiler to heat radiators that warm our homes. If PV cell technology continues at the present rate, we could replace our gas boiler with an electric boiler to heat our radiators. This would be powered by electricity generated from invisible PV cells all over our buildings and electric vehicles. We would no longer be reliant on electricity from the generating stations that burn fossil fuels or use dangerous nuclear reactors.

Graphene, the new wonder material, that is stronger than steel and lighter than any other known substance, will be used to help extract energy from the skies. It also conducts electricity most efficiently.

Light bulbs are another confusing subject, where low energy means more light and less heat. This means your heating has to work a little harder, offsetting the saving in energy use. This is admittedly truer in a country like ours where we use most of our energy in the winter, and also need the lights on for longer. So not sure that they really do help our Carbon Footprint, but anyway the new LED lights are really amazing anyway.

With this amazing revolution in energy use, maybe even third world countries could generate enough electricity to desalinate all the sea water it needs to grow sufficient food crops and reclaim good usable land. Oil companies might go out of business but ‘No More Fracking’? The balance of power would be shifted, so maybe, just maybe, overcrowding of major western cities would be a thing of the past, and maybe, just maybe, we might even stop killing each other.


(Extract from
Graphene and solar panels 

Graphene is made of a single layer of carbon atoms that are bonded together in a repeating pattern of hexagons. It is a 2 dimensional material with amazing characteristics, which grant it the title “wonder material”. It is extremely strong and almost entirely transparent and also astonishingly conductive and flexible. Graphene is made of carbon, which is abundant, and can be a relatively inexpensive material. Graphene has a seemingly endless potential for improving existing products as well as inspiring new ones.

Solar cells require materials that are conductive and allow light to get through, thus benefiting from graphene’s superb conductivity and transparency. Graphene is indeed a great conductor, but it is not very good at collecting the electrical current produced inside the solar cell. Hence, researchers are looking for appropriate ways to modify graphene for this purpose. Graphene Oxide (GO), for example, is less conductive but more transparent and a better charge collector which can be useful for solar panels.

The conductive Indium Tin Oxide (ITO) is used with a non-conductive glass layer as the transparent electrodes in most organic solar panels to achieve these goals, but ITO is rare, brittle and makes solar panels expensive. Many researches focus on graphene as a replacement for ITO in transparent electrodes of OPVs. Others search for ways of utilizing graphene in improving overall performance of photovoltaic devices, mainly OPVs, as well as in electrodes, active layers, interfacial layers and electron acceptors.

Recent research in the field of graphene solar cells

In June 2013, researchers from MIT announced their aim to develop a new solar cell, made from graphene and molybdenum disulfide, which will be thin, light and efficient – up to a 1,000 times more so than silicon based panels. It is hoped to achieve the “ultimate power conversion possible” due to the unique method of stacking several layers of graphene and molybdenum disulfide. In August 2014, researchers from the same university developed a flexible transparent graphene-based electrode for graphene polymer solar cell. They report that this is the most efficient such electrode ever developed.

In March 2014, researchers from the University of Cincinnati discovered that adding even a small amount of graphene flakes to a polymer solar cell can improve the performance of the cell by as much as threefold the conventional non-graphene variant.

In December 2013, researchers from Singapore’s A*STAR institute discovered that graphene outperforms ITO as solar panels transparent electrodes, when stacking four graphene sheets.

The Canadian Sunvault recently formed the Supervault Energy JV to develop graphene supercapacitor technology for solar cells. The company referred to this as a technology that  will “change the face of renewable energy generation and storage”.

The British 2-DTech,  maker and supplier of 2D materials, announced a cooperation with Australian solar technology company Dyesol to develop graphene-enhanced solid state dye-sensitized photovoltaic cells. Such thin film solar cells are relatively inexpensive to make and have numerous deployment advantages, but their use is hindered by lower power conversion efficiency and shorter operational life spans than crystalline silicon PV cells. This project aims to explore the possibility of incorporating graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) within the perovskite charge collecting regions of solid-state dye-sensitised solar cells so that efficiency levels can be boosted. The option of monolayer graphene encapsulation of the entire cell can also prevent moisture from entering, which will increase the durability in addition to reducing the external toxicity of solar cells based on these materials.

Sugar, especially Fructose

Sugar, especially Fructose.

Sugar, including Honey, Molasses, Maple syrup etc is made up of two components… Glucose and Fructose in roughly equal parts.
Glucose is the good part in moderate amounts and prompts a normal response from insulin, which controls blood sugar levels. Also most starches break down to glucose, and are very important nutritionally.

Fructose is a different story!

1/. Leptin and Insulin response is compromised by fructose consumption. (Also by MSG). Leptin regulates appetite and controls all hormones, including the thyroid. Knock on effects can be catastrophic, causing a cascade of chronic diseases.

2/. Triglyceride fats are Oxidised in the bloodstream by fructose, through a process called Glycation. (Bonding of sugar molecules to proteins and fats). Creates hard sharp fragments which damage the arterial walls. Cholesterol is needed to patch up the damage, as an emergency measure, but ultimately causes blocked arteries as more fructose is ingested. Cholesterol reducing drugs could hinder this repair mechanism.

3/. The liver is overworked by fructose. Fructose is only processed by the liver, which then sends more triglycerides through the bloodstream, to be stored as fat. What cannot be processed immediately is stored in the liver, causing fatty liver disease. Gout and high blood pressure are also caused by this process.

4/. Inflammation throughout the body and brain is caused by fructose induced damage to the arteries. The immune system is overworked trying to repair the damage, losing the battle as more fructose is ingested. Also linked to autoimmune diseases such as Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, food allergies/intolerances and behavioural problems such as ADHD, due to malabsorbtion and therefore deficiency of vital vitamins and minerals.

5/. Oral bacterial growth, streptococcus mutans, causes tooth decay and gum disease by converting fructose into lactic acid and other enzymes. Also causes gastric problems and Strep throat due to excessive bacterial ingestion.

6/. Diabetes is caused by fructose, due to the fact that it doesn’t cause an insulin response, and it also interferes with the ability of insulin to control blood glucose. More insulin is produced until a vicious circle eventually causes insulin resistance. (Type 2 Diabetes) Blood sugar stays high. Diabetes then causes other diseases such as Alzheimer’s. Also linked to Pancreatic cell death in many research papers today.

7/. Premature ageing is also caused by fructose, due to high levels of free radical production due to oxidisation and cell death.

8/. Cancer is promoted by fructose consumption, by feeding the tumour or damaged tissues with fructose from the bloodstream, speeding up cell division and proliferation in an acidic environment. Recent research also connects cancer with fructose through inhibiting T cells from connecting to cancer cells and therefore unable to destroy them.

9/. Osteoporosis is another condition which is caused by fructose, due to the body taking calcium from the bones to neutralise the acidity caused by fructose. Taking so called calcium carbonate supplements don’t help, as the carbonate (limestone) also causes an acidic environment and therefore you need even more calcium. (Only use ionic liquid calcium or preferably green veg).

10/. Fruit contains fructose and a small amount in veg. Too much fruit is really bad for you… however the reason a little fruit is good and all veg is good is that the fructose is balanced with Vit C and fibre. The fibre slows down the absorption of the fructose and the Vit C is a powerful antioxidant which negates the harmful effects of the fructose. Plus there are numerous other valuable nutrients in the fruit, and it tastes good! However, the reason a little is good and a lot is bad is that the body can only process a certain amount of Vit C, and the rest gets flushed away in the urine, taking other toxins with it. But the fructose can be absorbed, even before it reaches the stomach, in almost unlimited quantities, allowing oxidisation again. Beware fruit juices are almost all fructose with no fibre, and nowhere near enough Vit C to mitigate the oxidative damage.

11/. Fructose also promotes Uric acid production. Uric acid is our body’s natural antioxidant, (through the Urea cycle) however an excess amount leads to crystallization, forming sharp needle like structures that damage joints, otherwise known as Gout. Think of Henry 8th with too much fruit and sugar. New and very expensive in those days. If only he new.


Alzheimer’s and Sugar

High Blood Sugar Makes Alzheimer’s Plaque More Toxic to the Brain
Oct. 29, 2013 — High blood-sugar levels, such as those linked with Type 2 diabetes, make beta amyloid protein associated with Alzheimer’s disease dramatically more toxic to cells lining blood vessels in the brain, according to a new Tulane University study published in latest issue of the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease.
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The study supports growing evidence pointing to glucose levels and vascular damage as contributors to dementia.
“Previously, it was believed that Alzheimer’s disease was due to the accumulation of ‘tangles’ in neurons in the brain from overproduction and reduced removal of beta amyloid protein,” said senior investigator Dr. David Busija, regents professor and chair of pharmacology at Tulane University School of Medicine. “While neuronal involvement is a major factor in Alzheimer’s development, recent evidence indicates damaged cerebral blood vessels compromised by high blood sugar play a role. Even though the links among Type 2 diabetes, brain blood vessels and Alzheimer’s progression are unclear, hyperglycemia appears to play a role.”
Drs. Cristina Carvalho and Paula Moreira from the University of Coimbra in Portugal were co-investigators in the study.
Researchers studied cell cultures taken from the lining of cerebral blood vessels, one from normal rats and another from mice with uncontrolled chronic diabetes. They exposed the cells to beta amyloid and different levels of glucose and later measured their viability. Cells exposed to high glucose or beta amyloid alone showed no changes in viability. However, when exposed to hyperglycemic conditions and beta amyloid, viability decreased by 40 percent. Researchers suspect the damage is due to oxidative stress from the mitochondria of the cell.
The cells from diabetic mice were more susceptible to damage and death to beta amyloid protein − even at normal glucose levels. The increased toxicity of beta amyloid may damage the blood-brain barrier, disrupt normal blood flow to the brain and decrease clearance of beta amyloid protein.
The study’s findings underscore the need to aggressively control blood sugar levels in diabetic individuals, Busija said.
Integrative Way: Wrong Bacteria in Mouth Can Take Heavy Toll on Health
Drs. Kay Judge and Maxine Barish-Wreden The Sacramento Bee, Calif.
Your mouth is the gateway to your body, and can affect the health of the rest of your body. Did you know that more than 6 billion bacteria are present inside the mouth?
In essence, you have more bacteria in your mouth than the Earth’s human population! Most of the bacteria in the mouth are harmless, but the wrong bacteria in your mouth can led to tooth decay, gingivitis, heart disease and kidney disease.
Specific bacteria, including Streptococcus mutans, are responsible for tooth decay. In addition, researchers from the Royal College of Surgeons published a study in March showing that there may be oral bacteria that are responsible for accelerating heart disease. Their research showed that Streptococcus gordonii can produce a molecule on its surface that enables it to mimic the human protein fibrinogen, which is a blood-clotting factor.
This activates platelets — the blood cells that are involved in clotting — and causes them to clump inside blood vessels. Platelet clumping can result in growths on the heart valves (endocarditis) or blood vessel inflammation that can block blood supply to the heart or brain.
Here are some key facts about oral bacteria you may want to know, to keep your mouth healthy:
Your oral bacteria shift with age and health. The microenvironment of the oral cavity changes with age, the eruption or loss of teeth, and the presence of periodontal disease. Systemic changes, such as pregnancy or drug intake, also alter the number and proportion of flora. These changes are due to changes in the flow, amount and composition of salivary fluid and in the levels and activity of defense components such as immunoglobulins and cytokines in the saliva. Taking probiotics may help keep the bacterial balance in your body.
Sugar promotes growth of bacteria and plaque. Bacteria consume sugar from food residue in the mouth and excrete lactic acid, which becomes part of the plaque layer. Foods to avoid include soda, fruit juice, caramels and candy. Drink plenty of water between meals instead of soda to rinse out food debris and remove bacteria, and eat crunchy vegetables that are nature’s natural flossers (e.g. celery).
Bad oral health is linked to an increased risk of heart disease. Here is a surprising statistic: The relative risk of cardiovascular disease is doubled in people with periodontal disease.
Smoking is a risk factor for periodontal disease. Yet one more reason to quit smoking.
Scraping the tongue is a good way to get rid of excess bacteria. Most of us have heard about brushing and flossing after each meal, but did you know brushing your tongue or using a tongue scraper daily is a great way to reduce the buildup of excess bacteria in your mouth? Tongue scrapers can be found at many natural food stores.
Washing out the mouth helps reduce bacterial overload. Mouthwash is a remedy that helps control the amount of bacteria found in the mouth. In addition to regular mouthwash, natural mouthwash can be found over-the-counter; it contains ingredients such as cinnamon oil, clove, tea tree oil, peppermint and spearmint. And if nothing else is available, gargling with water is better than not washing the mouth out after a meal.
So for a healthy mouth, eat your veggies, decrease your processed carbs, take your probiotics and stop smoking. In addition, brush and floss your teeth, and scrape your tongue, daily. Use a mouthwash regularly.
You may get to keep those pearly whites longer, and you may avoid heart disease in the process!

Drs. Kay Judge and Maxine Barish-Wreden are medical directors of Sutter Downtown Integrative Medicine program in Sacramento, Calif. Have a question related to alternative medicine? Email

Periodontal Disease Linked to Cognitive Decline
Tags: cognition, gingivitis, mild cognition impairment, periodontal disease, periodontal disease and cognition impairment,tooth loss and cognition, tooth loss and heart disease
A groundbreaking study from the United Kingdom has connected gingivitis and oral health to cognitive decline. The study’s findings are backed up by a multitude of research supporting the mechanisms.
Researchers from the Institute of Psychiatry at London’s King’s College followed over 1050 adults for five years while tracking their oral health, as part of the Health, Aging and Body Composition (Health ABC) Study.
The test subjects were given comprehensive cognition tests and periodontal examinations at the beginning of the study and each year following for five years. Their degree of periodontal disease – or lack thereof – was calculated together with parameters of cognitive decline.
Gingivitis scores were calculated using the oral examinations based on levels of gum inflammation and sensitivity – established through probing. Cognitive scores were calculated using the Modified Mini-Mental State examination – also referred to as 3MS.
The research found that 90% of the test subjects had declining cognition through year five. The researchers then matched and removed risk factors such as education, sex, race, heart disease, age and depression from the calculation.
The research found that higher gingivitis inflammation at year two was strongly associated with cognitive declines of more than five points in the third to fifth years.
In their paper the researchers noted that, “Gingivitis is reversible, and periodontitis to some degree is preventable and controllable when manifest.”
Learn how to fight periodontal disease with oral probiotics.
Another study, this from the School of Dentistry at the University of Alabama, found among a study group of 9,853 adults over the age of 45 years old, that tooth loss was significantly associated with cognitive decline.
The research found that those who lost more than six teeth had greater cognitive decline than those with no tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause for the loss of teeth.
While the association between cognition impairment and periodontal disease may seem mysterious, there is a solid basis for the mechanisms involved.
Numerous studies have linked periodontal disease with cerebrovascular disease and stroke. Cerebrovascular disease is the impairment of blood vessels that feed the brain cells. When these blood vessels become damaged or clogged, the brain can be starved of oxygen and essential nutrients.
Last year a meta-study review of clinical research by medical researchers from Greece’s Attikon University Hospital determined that 13 studies clearly proved the association between periodontal disease and a higher incidence of strokes and cerebrovascular disease.
Furthermore, medical scientists have established that pathogenic bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans that harbor within the gums will secrete biowaste products into the bloodstream and these waste products will damage blood vessels. Other research has suggested that some of these bacteria themselves may also escape into the bloodstream, causing sepsis and other infection-related disorders throughout the body.
A late 2011 study from the School of Dentistry at Italy’s University of Cagliari studied forty men between 20 years old and 40 years old. Half of the men had periodontal disease and the other half did not. The researchers tested the subjects for parameters indicating developing cardiovascular disease among both groups.
The research found that the periodontal disease patients had higher levels of inflammation-associated IL-2. This suggested to the researchers, “the existence of an early endothelial dysfunction in young adults with atypical periodontitis.”
In a study published in 2012, researchers from London’s University College School of Public Health combined mortality records with health surveys between 1995 through 2003. A sampling of nearly 13,000 people was used to calculate the cause of death and contributing factors.
This study found that those with tooth loss had three times the incidence of death related to having a stroke.
The association between stroke and cerebrovascular disease and cognition decline was made many years ago.
Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums produced by bacteria that colonize around the gums at the base and roots of the teeth. As the bacteria colonies grow, they form biofilms – which produce plaque. These bacteria biofilms secrete acids that break down the enamel of the teeth to form decay. These acids and other byproducts can also leak into the bloodstream, damaging the arteries that feed the brain.
Written by Case Adams, Naturopath

Do we really need to risk it. Not me!!
Look after yourself.

Rob Nice.

Why the Atkins Diet works and why you don’t need it. Part 2.

If you want to lose weight, you only, yes only have to remove sugars from your diet. Not easy but its true. It’s very difficult to put on weight without sugar and liquid calories.

Its never going to be easy to give up sugar though. It’s one of the most, (if not the most), addictive substances on the planet. The more you eat, the more your body craves it, and on and on until you end up with diabetes and heart disease. It’s worth the effort, keep trying.

Another added bonus from avoiding sugar (fructose in particular) is that your hair will not fall out, because fructose is a toxin, your liver is overworked and cannot provide enough nutrients for non essential tasks like maintaining hair, nails and skin etc in good condition. Not to mention teeth and gums and the bacteria that you ingest from tooth decay, which thrives on sugar in the mouth and which causes so many gut problems like IBS. Then the medicines you take to remedy them make it even worse. To maintain a healthy body you need a healthy diet. Sugar is not part of a healthy diet, however it’s disguised.

Just remember that any false diet will only work while you are on it. After all, nobody will go on any kind of diet and continue to eat sweets and donuts and drink cola. When you reach your target you will eat the same again and put all the weight back on. So forget diets, just eat anything you like in moderation but avoid sugars and sugar substitutes like the plague. That includes sugars in processed and takeaway foods. Try to cook as much as possible yourself, and then you will know what is in your food. The labels on ready meals will never tell the whole truth.

If you want a snack, try making some guacamole (not shop bought) and cut some raw carrot and cucumber batons to dip into. Delicious. Don’t knock it till you try it. Here is a really nice recipe and many others, just ignore the sweet recipes. Reread the above if you feel tempted. Why eat the bad stuff when there is so much good stuff available. Seems like a no brainer doesn’t it?


Robert J Nice.

Why the Atkins Diet works and why you don’t need it. Part 1

Firstly the Atkins diet removes almost all carbohydrates as anybody will tell you, including fruit.
This removes all starches such as potatoes, rice, pasta, bread, fruit and sugars etc.
Potatoes, rice, pasta and such like are known as complex carbs, while Sugars are simple carbs.
Complex carbs break down to Glucose and Simple carbs break down to mostly Fructose.

Fructose is not good for any part of your body. It overworks the liver and produces lipids in the blood which elevate cholesterol levels and make you fat around your middle.
Glucose is essential to maintain the quick energy that work and exercise need.
Complex carbs are essential for energy and also for providing vitamins and minerals for good health.

The Atkins diet works because it removes the simple carbs and will still work if you eat complex carbs, in moderation. So don’t throw the baby out… The secret is to remove all sugars from the diet as much as possible.

A calorie is a calorie though isn’t it?

No! A calorie is not always a calorie where food is concerned. I will explain…

Q. How many calories are there in a handful of peanuts?

A. It depends how much you chew them.

If you swallow your peanuts whole they don’t have any calories because they come out the way you put them in… whole. Therefore surely, if we are to count calories eaten, then we have to count the calories excreted, and life is really too short. However we have to bear this in mind if we want to assess where the excess weight comes from. Because all foods metabolise differently and at different rates GI index is a guide but remember it does depend on how you eat your food when it comes to almost anything except sugars.
Sugar is always fully absorbed into the system almost immediately, so a sugar calorie is definitely a calorie, including fruit. The only good part of the fruit is the skin. I believe that the fructose is only there to get you to eat the skin. The skin contains massive amounts of antioxidants such as Resveratrol. Resveratrol also increases Sirtuin which is the reason that a calorie restricted diet has anti aging effects. Most “calorie restrictors” don’t touch sugar and usually only eat fruit skin. Fruit juices are pure sugar (fructose) and should be avoided. You can get almost your entire vitamin intake from vegetables such as potatoes and rice and of course the most valuable green veg. Meats, fish and fats are vitally important too, especially lighter meats and olive oils. So another reason not to eat sugar… Look younger too.

Come back next week for part two.


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